SSC CGL Study Notes: Polity (Indian Parliament)

Polity Notes for SSC GGL Exam

The Parliament of India


Overview: The Parliament consists of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the office of the President
Any Bill can become an Act only after being passed by both Houses of Parliament
The Parliament House was designed by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912-1913. It was opened in 1927 to house the Council of States, the Central Legislative Assembly and the Chamber of Princes
The minimum age for membership to the Rajya Sabha is 30 years, while for the Lok Sabha it is 25 years
It shares legislative powers with the Lok Sabha, except in the case of supply Bills (like Money Bills) where the Lok Sabha has overriding powers.In the case of conflicting legislation(excluding constitutional amendment bill), a joint sitting of the two Houses is held and joint sitting presided by speaker of lok sabha . However, since the Lok Sabha has more than twice as many members as the Rajya Sabha, it holds de facto veto power in such legislations
The Parliament has its own TV broadcasting stations launched in 2004: Doordarshan Rajya Sabha and Doordarshan Lok Sabha (now known as Lok Sabha TV)
When the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 Jan 1950, the Constituent Assembly became the Provisional Parliament of India. It remained so until the first elections in 1951
The business of Parliament is transacted in either Hindi or English. However, the Presiding Officers of the two Houses may permit any member to address the House in his mother tongue

THE RAJYA SABHA (COUNCIL OF STATES)

About the Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of Parliament
The Vice-President is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is elected from among members. He officiates in the absence of the Chairman.The first sitting of the Rajya Sabha was held in May 1952

Membership to the Rajya Sabha
The maximum permissible strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250. Of these 238 members are elected indirectly from the states and Union Territories, and 12 are nominated by the President for their expertise in art,literature, science and social services. Currently, the strength of the Rajya Sabha is 245. Of these 233 are members elected from states and UTs and 12 are nominated members. Members from state assemblies are elected using the Single Transferable Vote system
The provision for nominated members is found in Article 80 of the Constitution

Tenure of the Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha is a continuous body and is not subject to dissolutionMembers enjoy a tenure of six years. One-third of the members retire every two years

Functions of the Rajya Sabha
Acts as a non-partisan forum for full and free
debates.Can originate any Bill, including
constitutional amendment Bills, except Money Bills
Re-evaluates Bills originating in the Lok Sabha in a
non-political manner.Relieves the work of the
Lok Sabha in considering Private Bills (Bills
that apply to specific individuals or organizations)
Along with the Lok Sabha, votes on the election of
President and Vice-PresidentAlong with the Lok Sabha,
votes on the removal of judges of the Supreme Court and High CourtsAlong with the Lok Sabha, votes for the continued proclamation of Emergency beyond a period of two months
Acts as the sole de facto and de jure Parliament if the Lok Sabha is dissolved during an Emergency

THE LOK SABHA (HOUSE OF THE PEOPLE)

About the Lok Sabha
The Lok Sabha is the lower House of Parliament.The current Lok Sabha is the 16th Lok Sabha to be constituted. The first hour of every sitting of the Lok Sabha is called Question Hour, during which questions posed by members may be assigned to specific ministries
Three sessions of the Lok Sabha are held every year:
Budget session: February to May
Monsoon session: July to September
Winter session: November to December

Membership to the Lok Sabha
The maximum permissible strength of the Lok Sabha is 552. Of these, 530 are to be chosen by direct election, 20 are to be representatives of Union Territories, and 2 to be nominated Anglo-Indians. Currently, the strength of the Lok Sabha is 545. Of these, 530 are chosen by direct election, 13 are from Union Territories, and 2 are nominated Anglo-Indians

Tenure of the Lok Sabha
The Lok Sabha has a tenure of five years,
unless dissolved earlier.The tenure may
be extended by a proclamation of Emergency.
The Emergency may extend the term of the
Lok Sabha in one year increments

Functions of the Lok Sabha
The Lok Sabha controls the functioning of
the Executive, by making the Council of
Ministers answerable to itThe sanctioning of
expenditure is the exclusive priviledge of the
Lok SabhaCan originate any Bill, including Money Bills
Along with the Rajya Sabha, votes on the election of President and Vice-President
Along with the Rajya Sabha, votes on the removal of judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts
Along with the Rajya Sabha, votes for the continued proclamation of Emergency beyond a period of two months


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परीक्षा पेपर: एसएससी सीएचएसएल (टियर -1) परीक्षा 22 जनवरी 2017 सुबह की पाली (मात्रात्मक रूझान)
GK in Hindi: प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं के लिये सामान्य ज्ञान प्रश्नोत्तरी
SSC CPO 2017 Hindi Paper : दिल्ली पुलिस, केन्द्रीय सशस्त्रण पुलिस बल (उप निरीक्षक और केन्द्रीय सहायक उप निरीक्षक परीक्षा 1 जुलाई 2017 शिफ्ट-1 (तर्क शक्ति परिक्षण)
SSC CPO 2017 Hindi Paper : दिल्ली पुलिस, केन्द्रीय सशस्त्रण पुलिस बल (उप निरीक्षक और केन्द्रीय सहायक उप निरीक्षक परीक्षा 1 जुलाई 2017 शिफ्ट-1 (परिमाणात्मक अभिरुचि)
SSC CPO 2017 Hindi Paper : दिल्ली पुलिस, केन्द्रीय सशस्त्रण पुलिस बल (उप निरीक्षक और केन्द्रीय सहायक उप निरीक्षक परीक्षा 1 जुलाई 2017 शिफ्ट-1 (सामान्य ज्ञान)

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