SSC CGL Study Notes: Polity (Important Constitutional Amendments)
Submitted by root on Mon, 09/25/2017 - 15:58
Important Constitutional Amendments
The Constitution (Third Amendment) Act, 1954
The Third Amendment brought about changes in the Seventh Schedule consisting of the three Legislative Lists and entry 33 of the Concurrent List was substituted by a new one.
The Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1955
Article 31 and 31A were amended by the Constitution Fourth Amendment Act. Clause (2) of Article 31 clause (1) of Article 31A were substituted by new clauses. As a result of these, the adequacy of the quantum of compensation paid for the compulsory acquisition of property for ‘a public purpose’ could not be questioned in a court of law. It also amended Article 305 and the Ninth Schedule
The Constitution (Sixth Amendment) Act, 1956
In this Act, the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution was amended and in the Union List, a new entry was added after Entry 92 in the State List, a new Entry was substituted for Entry 54. It also amended Articles 269 and 286 dealing with inter-state Sales-tax
The Constitution (Eight Amendment) Act, 1959
The Act extended the period of reservation seats in Lok Sabha and State Legislatures for the Anglo-Indians, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes by another 10 years.
The Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976
The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act brought a number of changes in the Constitution. The Act inter-alia gave preponderance to the Directive Principles of State Policy over the Fundamental Rights. Established the supremacy of Parliament and curtailed the powers of Judiciary. The Act was first of its kind. It was the most comprehensive Act and touched almost all the sensitive areas of the Constitution.
The Constitution (Tenth Amendment) Act, 1961
The Tenth Amendment integrates the areas of Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Union of India and provides for their administration under the regulation making powers of the President.
The Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1962
The main object of the Amendment was to add Union Territories of Goa, Daman and Diu to the Union of India and for this First Schedule of the Constitution was amended.
The Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Act, 1962
The Act provides the creation of Nagaland as the Sixteenth State of the Union. The Amendment provides also for the vesting of certain special responsibilities in the Governor of Nagaland.
The Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 1963
The amendment raised the retirement age of High Court Judges from 60 to 62 years. It also empowered the various High Courts to hear cases against the Union Government.