SSC CGL Study Notes: Polity (Important Committees & Commissions)

Polity Notes for SSC GGL Exam

Important Committees & Commissions

1. Central Information Commission: Receiving and inquiring into complaints from aggrieved persons.

2. Central Vigilance Commission: Probing offences by Central Government officers, Officers of societies, corporation and local authority under the Central Government.

3. Commission for Centre-State Relations: Review of working of existing arrangements between Union and States i.e. power, functions, and responsibilities in all spheres.

4. Commission of Enquiry (Tehelka Commission): To enquire into the definite matter of public importance with the power of civil court.

5. Liberhan Commission: To enquire into demolition of Babri Masjid in Ayodhya.

6. Commission on Criminal Justice: Reformation of criminal justice system, compensation to victims, and effective investment etc.

7. Mandal Commission Headed by Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal to consider the question of seat reservations and quotas for people to redress caste discrimination, and used eleven social, economic, and educational indicators to determine “backwardness.”

8. Competition Commission of India: To curb monopolies, to ensure fair competition in India by prohibiting adverse trade practices and to pass order for granting interim relief and to impose penalties in case of defaults.

9. Delimitation Commission: Readjustment of the allocation of seats in Lok Sabha to several States and total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of each State.

10. Election Commission: Preparation of the electoral rolls, direction, superintendence, and control of elections to Parliament and State Legislatures, recognition of political parties and allotment of symbols and also conducting elections to offices of Presidents and Vice-Presidents of India.

11. Finance Commission: Distribution of financial resources between Union and States, proceeds from taxes, principles governing grants-in-aid to revenue of States out of consolidated fund of India, etc.

12. Justice Nanavati Commission: To inquire into 1984 Riot case (Indira Gandhi Assassination Riot).

13. Kalelkar Commission: Adhering to Article 340, the First Backward Classes Commission was set up by a presidential order on January 29, 1953

14. Khosla Commission: A one-man commission headed by Justice GD Khosla established July 1970 to re-investigate the circumstances surrounding the supposed death of Subhas Chandra Bose. The commission reached the same conclusions as Shah Nawaz Committee.

15. Law Commission: To suggest for implementation and development in constitutional and legal matters including the human way of death penalty

Difference between committee and commission

A committee is a group of people who meet and deliberate according to fixed rules in order to make a decision or produce a document as a group. A commission is a group of people who are entrusted (that is the etymology) by a government to carry out a task. Sometimes the task is a specific one (like ascertaining a particular fact or resolving a particular problem) and sometimes the task is more long-term (like the SEC, that is, Securities and Exchange Commission). A commission is usually distinct from other kinds of agency in two ways: it has no single, permanent administrator, and it has no independent or constitutional authority of its own; it operates under the authority of another part of the government. Of course, a commission can be a committee (like the 9/11 Commission), but very few committees are commissions, and some commissions are not committees.

1. Palekar Tribunal : Journalists’ Pay reforms

2. U.C. Banerjee Commission : Enquiry into Godhra carnage (railways)

3. Sarkaria Commission : Centre-State relations

4. Srikrishna Commission : 1992 Bombay riots

5. Thakkar Commission : Indira Gandhi assassination case

6. Phukan Commission & Saharya Committee : Tehelka tapes

7. Malimath Commission : Criminal Justice

8. Upendra Commission : Inquiry on rape and murder Thangjam Manorama Devi

9. Malhotra Committee : Insurance Reforms

10. Janaki Ram Committee : Security scam

11. Ajay Vikram Singh Committee : Faster promotions in army

12. Rajinder Sachar Committee {1} : Companies and MRPT Act

13. Rajindar Sachar Committee {2} : Report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslims of India

14. Jyoti Basu Committee : Report on Octroi abolition

15 Balwant Rai Mehta Committee : Recommendations on decentralization system

16. Sawant Committee : Enquiry on corruption, charges against ministers & Anna Hazare

17. Chelliah Committee : Eradicating black money

18. Kothari Commission : Educational reforms

19. Wanchoo Committee : Tax enquiry

20. Bhanu Pratap Singh Committee : Agriculture

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